Because of the range of systems affected, people with DM may see multiple specialists who are unaware of the full spectrum of issues experienced by a person with the disorder. Informed patients often know more about the various aspects of DM than any single specialist they see. This variability in symptoms presents unique challenges in both the diagnosis and management of the disease. Therefore, it is important for individuals with DM and their families to learn as much as they can about the disease and its symptoms.
Multi-disciplinary teams are often needed to provide a comprehensive, coordinated clinical care. By taking an active role in diagnosis and management of their condition, people with DM can aid this process and help make sure that potential complications are detected and managed at the earliest stages.
Respiratory failure before and after general anesthesia.
Abnormal heartbeat, heart damage (cardiomyopathy), fainting spells.
Benign tumors associated with hair follicles (pilomatrixoma).
Weight control, special diets, alternative feeding methods and nutrition.
Special educational needs, additional support required.
Insulin resistance, benign thyroid mass.
Chronic diarrhea, constipation, unexplained stomach pain, gallstones, swallowing problems.
Inheritance patterns of genetic conditions, genetic counselling, family members at risk.
Weakness, stiffness, and chronic muscle pain, cognitive development delays, reduced executive function.
Occupational therapist (OT)
Problems managing daily living activities, assessment for equipment and housing adaptations.
Blurry or dimmed vision (possible cataracts), eye muscle weakness, droopy eyelids (ptosis).
Foot deformities, curvature of the spine.
Hypotonia (also known as floppy baby syndrome) or child with learning and behavioral problems.
Gait irregularities and muscle weakness.
Plastic Surgeon/ Oral Surgeon
Jaw and mouth bone deformities that disturb chewing and speech.
Gait issues and muscle weakness.
Primary Care Physician
Exhaustion, inability to sleep well, excessive daytime sleepiness, feeling faint.
Depression, personality abnormalities such as excessive apathy, socialization issues, and attention deficit.
Chronic respiratory problems, sleep apnea, frequent chest colds that do not go away, aspiration pneumonia caused by swallowing issues.
Social worker/Care manager
Social care needs, personal and respite care, social support.
Delayed or impaired speech, swallowing difficulties.
Urologist & Reproductive Endocrinologist
Ectopic pregnancies, low testosterone, infertility, miscarriage, stillbirths.