Disorders of sleep and breathing are well characterized for DM1, but what about DM2?
Care Tools Research
Respiratory dysfunction in DM1 draws new attention.
Close monitoring of respiratory function reduces respiratory complications in DM1.
Clinical observation of gas exchange
- Measurement of respiration rate and work of breathing; comfort level; tachypnea
- Assessment of chest wall motion; abdominal muscle recruitment
- Observation for evidence of diaphragmatic paralysis
Adult Onset DM1
- Weakness of the diaphragm, abdomen and chest wall muscles affecting the ability to cough, resulting in chronic lung infections
- Failure of cerebral respiratory control, which may result in fetal distress
- Pulmonary immaturity, which may be further complicated by premature birth